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Canadian and World Studies
Ontario Ministry of Education Curriculum Links​

Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9 (Academic) CGC1D
This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place to live.

CREDIT: 1 TYPE: Academic GRADE: 9


Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9 (Applied)


CGC1P
This course focuses on current geographic issues that affect Canadians. Students will draw on their personal and everyday experiences as they explore a range of issues, including food and water supplies, competing land uses, and interactions with the natural environment, developing their awareness that issues that affect their lives are interconnected with issues in other parts of the world. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate choices related to sustainable living in Canada
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: Applied GRADE: 9


Canadian History Essentials


CHC2L
This course focuses on the connections between the student and key people, events, and themes in Canadian history from World War I to the present. Students prepare for the Grades 11 and 12 Workplace Preparation history courses through the development and extension of historical literacy and inquiry skills. Students explore a variety of topics highlighting individuals and events that have contributed to the story of Canada. The major themes of Canadian identity, internal and external relationships, and changes since 1914, are explored through guided investigation. Students have the opportunity to extend analytical skills with a focus on identifying and interpreting events and perspectives and making connections. Students practice reading, writing, visual, and oral literacy skills, and mathematical literacy skills to identify and communicate ideas in a variety of forms.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: Workplace GRADE: 9


Canadian History since World War I (Academic)


CHC2D
This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: Academic GRADE:10


Canadian History since World War I (Applied)


CHC2P
This course focuses on the social context of historical developments and events and how they have affected the lives of people in Canada since 1914. Students will explore interactions between various communities in Canada as well as contributions of individuals and groups to Canadian heritage and identity. Students will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating the continuing relevance of historical developments and how they have helped shape communities in present-day Canada.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: Applied GRADE:10


Civics and Citizenship


CHV2O
This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in today’s world and of personal interest to them.​
CREDIT: 0.5 TYPE: Open GRADE:10


Forces of Nature: Physical Processes and Disasters


CGF3M
This course examines Earth’s physical patterns and processes and how they create natural disasters and can contribute to human disasters. Students will explore how physical processes related to Earth’s water, land, and air, as well as interactions between these systems, can affect the planet and its people. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate Earth’s natural processes, to make predictions related to natural disasters, and to create plans to prepare for and/or respond to them​.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: College/University GRADE:11
PREREQUISITE: CGC1D or CGC1P


World History to the Sixteenth Century


CHW3M
This course explores the history of various societies around the world, from earliest times to around 1500 CE. Students will examine life in and the legacy of various ancient and pre-modern societies throughout the world, including those in, Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating social, political, and economic structures and historical forces at work in various societies and in different historical eras.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: College/University GRADE:11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D or CHC2P


Understanding Canadian Law


CLU3M
This course explores Canadian law, with a focus on legal issues that are relevant to the lives of people in Canada. Students will gain an understanding of rights and freedoms in Canada, our legal system, and family, contract, employment, tort, and criminal law. Students will use case studies and apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process to develop legal reasoning skills and to formulate and communicate informed interpretations of legal issues, and they will develop the ability to advocate for new laws.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: College/University GRADE:11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D or CHC2P


Travel and Tourism: A Geographic Perspective


CGG3O
This course focuses on issues related to travel and tourism within and between various regions of the world. Students will investigate unique environmental, sociocultural, economic, and political characteristics of selected world regions. They will explore travel patterns and trends as well as tensions related to tourism, and will predict future tourism destinations. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate the impact of the travel industry on natural environments and human communities.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: Open GRADE:11
PREREQUISITE: CGC1D or CGC1P


American History


CHA3U
This course traces the social, economic, and political development of the United States from colonial times to the present. Students will explore the historical context of key developments that shaped the United States, its identity and culture, and its role in the global community. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating forces in American history.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: University GRADE:11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D or CHC2P


The Environment and Resource Management


CGR4M
This course explores interactions between the natural and human environment, with a particular focus on the impact of human activity on various ecosystems. Students will explore resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related government policy and international protocols. Applying the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, students will investigate the relationship between people and the natural environment and will propose approaches for developing more sustainable relationships, including environmentally responsible actions that support stewardship.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: College/University GRADE:12
PREREQUISITE: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.


World Issues: A Geographic Analysis
University Preparation

CGW4U
This course looks at the global challenge of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. Students will explore a range of issues involving environmental, economic, social, and geopolitical interrelationships, and will examine governmental policies related to these issues. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues, including their impact on natural and human communities around the world.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: University GRADE:12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.


World Issues: A Geographic Analysis
College Preparation​
This course explores the global challenge of meeting the basic needs of all people while sustaining the natural environment. Students will examine global inequities, including those related to food, water, energy, and development, and will explore global issues through environmental, social, economic, and political lenses. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate a range of current geographic issues facing Canada and the world.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: College GRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: ​CGC1D or CGC1P


World History since the Fifteenth Century
University Preparation

CGW4C














CHY4U
This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450. Students will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate key issues and assess societal progress or decline in world history.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: University GRADE:12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.


World History since the Fifteenth Century​
College Preparation
This course explores key developments and events in world history since approximately 1450, with a focus on interactions within and between various regions. Students will examine social, economic, and political developments and how they have affected different peoples. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key turning points in world history and historical forces that have shaped our world.​
CREDIT: 1      TYPE: College                    GRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities


Canadian and International Law 

CHY4C















CLN4U
This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop their understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law when exploring rights and freedoms within the context of topics such as religion, security, cyberspace, immigration, crimes against humanity, and environmental protection. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process when investigating these issues in both Canadian and international contexts, and they will develop legal reasoning skills and an understanding of conflict resolution in the area of international law.
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: University GRADE:12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.

Legal Studies                                                                 CLN4C
This course provides a foundation for students who wish to pursue a career that requires an understanding of law. Students will explore the importance of law, analysing contemporary legal issues and their impact. They will investigate requirements for various law-related careers as well as legal responsibilities in the workplace. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process to investigate the role of law in a changing society and will develop conflict-resolution skills needed for negotiation.​
CREDIT: 1 TYPE: College GRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Civics and Citizenship, Grade 10.